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Varicose Veins

What are varicose veins? Superficial venous insufficiency is a medical condition that if left untreated can lead to further health problems. This disease causes varicose veins and their associated symptoms which can be visually unattractive and can impact your quality of life. Symptoms can include:

  • Spider veins
  • Varicose veins
  • Tender areas around the veins
  • Restless legs, cramping and throbbing
  • Heavy fatigued legs
  • Leg pain, itching, burning or tingling and/or swelling

Delayed treatment can lead to:

  • Discoloration of the leg (Hyperpigmentation)
  • Ulceration of the skin
  • Blood clots
  • Phlebitis (Inflammation)


The venous system is the part of our circulatory system that returns deoxygenated blood through the veins back to the heart and through the lungs. The blood is then enriched with oxygen and recirculated through the body. Venous disease occurs when the tiny one-way valves that open to allow blood to flow back toward the heart, malfunction. By not opening and closing properly, blood can pool in the veins and over time cause additional valves to fail, weakening the walls of the veins which can cause them to bulge. This condition is referred to as venous insufficiency or venous reflux. Varicose and spider veins are the result.

To learn about treatment options read more on our Treatment Options page.